The monks stationed at Great Saint Bernard Pass near the Swiss-Italian border originally bred the massive Saint Bernard. The monks hoped to create a breed capable of locating and saving lost travelers as they made their way through the dangerous mountain pass. And, a fine job the Saint Bernards did. Saint Bernards are capable of picking up a human scent from over 2 miles, and can locate a body beneath ten feet of snow.
The monks most famous dog was Barry, said to have saved over 40 lives. Renowned for his bravery and compassion, a statue of Barry stills stands at the Cimetière des Chiens pet cemetery in Paris, and his body is preserved at the Natural History Museum in Berne, Switzerland.